The aim of phonics is to build children's speaking and listening skills and to prepare them for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. Letters and Sounds sets out a detailed and systematic programme for the teaching of the phonic skills through six individual phases. At Roydon we follow this scheme set out by the Department of Education but also use Jolly Phonics and Phonics Play to enhance the children’s learning.

Phonics is taught for 20 minutes each day in ability groups. From phase two to phase six. Below you can find a breakdown of the different phases.


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.



Useful Websites

There are several websites that we use within school that will help to enhance children’s learning. Some of which may incur a small subscription


Please see document below for more detailed information for parents.